While You Sleep, Your Brain Hits ‘Replay’: Study
“Sleep is important for many reasons, including your brain function,” she said.The findings, published May 5 in the journal Cell Reports, are not surprising.Based on past research in animals and humans, researchers have believed that replay happens during sleep, according to Dr. Phyllis Zee, a sleep researcher who was not involved in the study.But past studies of humans have used non-invasive recordings of brain activity. And they’ve looked at broader patterns of “collective” brain-cell firing, said Zee, a professor of neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, in Chicago.Here, she said, researchers were able to zero in on which brain cells were firing. And the same ones that fired during the game fired during the rest period immediately after.For the study, Jarosiewicz and her colleagues observed two patients who had had micro-electrodes implanted in their brains. Both were paralyzed — one due to a spinal cord injury, the other to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease).
The researchers asked both to play a “sequence-copying” game, which they describe as similar to the 1980s game Simon: Four color panels lit up in different sequences that the players had to repeat. But instead of using their hands to do it, they used their minds.Before and after each game-playing session, participants had a rest period of about 30 minutes. During that time, they drifted off into early-stage sleep, Jarosiewicz said. Yet their brain cells continued to fire as they did during the game — as if the cells were replaying the experience.The study did not dig into whether such replay improved participants’ learning or game performance. That’s for future research, according to Jarosiewicz. Another question, she said, is whether similar replay happens when we go to sleep at night — and not just during a catnap.What’s interesting, Zee said, is that the replay activity was present when participants were simply resting and grew stronger once they were dozing.That raises the possibility that even short rest periods could be a learning aid, she said.
“Maybe if people took a break during the day — got a little down time — it might help with memory consolidation,” Zee said.That idea is in line with some advice she often gives patients. “Just lie back and close your eyes for a while,” Zee said. “It calms you down and may help your brain reset.”